Urban medieval culture of XIII — XVII centuries

Collection of items from Oreshek and Ivangorod is the largest in the Fund (about 7000 units from Oreshek and 2000 units from Ivangorod). It gives an idea about the history and culture of these cities-fortresses, since the moment of their construction (Oreshek in the XIV century, Ivangorod in XV century), covering the prosperous epoch of the powerful Novgorod-the-Great (Oreshek), the times of the Moscow Rus, the period of Swedish occupation and the development of cities up to XVIII century.

Complexes of objects characterize various activities of the residents of these cities. For example, weapons — battle axes, arrowheads and spearheads, fragments of arquebuses, cannon balls, grapeshot, bullets; household equipment — axes, craft tools, lump fragments, nails, millstones, grinding stones; household items — locks, keys, whorls, a variety of numerous fragments of cooking pots, bowls and jugs, fragments of birch-bark containers, spindles, rushlight holders.

Items related to the period of occupation of Oreshek by Swedes are of special interest: coins, fragments of stove tiles and the argil pipes. Some subjects show that the citizens of Oreshek were engaged in navigation and fishing. These are sinkers, floats (of different forms made of birch-bark and of the bark of trees), hooks, and details of boats: paddles, wooden frames, seats etc. On some birch-bark floats there are the characters, which probably served as family labels. A number of items indicate the developed trade – the Rhine vessel, details of weights, trading lead seals, branded ingot of commodity cast steel. Rare finds include items such as headgear, pocket tool (harp), children's toys.

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